Ancient Kiev is one of the centres of Eastern Orthodoxy. According to the legend, the apostle Andrew stuck his cross on the hill above the Dnipro. In the city, there is a temple of Sophia of Kiev of the XI century, which construction began by Vladimir the Great (Prelate of Rus) and was finished by his son Yaroslav the Wise. This temple survived the Tatar-Mongol conquest.
Today, this UNESCO memorial has a unique cultural heritage in the form of frescoes, mosaics and graffiti. In addition, worthy of attention is the Vydubitskiy monastery of the 11th century, the restored St. Michael's Golden-Domed Monastery of the XII century with preserved murals, St. Cyril's Church of the XII century with the late frescoes of Mikhail Vrubel, the Ilyinsky church on the site, where in the X century the soldiers of Svyatoslav were baptized before the march to Byzantium, the architectural complex and caves of the Kyivo-Pecherskaya Lavra, the Vladimir`s Cathedral of the late XIX century with murals of the best artists of the Russian Empire and many other temples and monasteries of modern times.